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"Integrated Technology" was founded in October 2011 with the approval of the General Administration of Press and Publication (CN 44-1691/T, ISSN 2095-3135). It was officially launched in May 2012 and is a bimonthly (published every single month). Supervised by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the first sponsor, and Science Press Co., Ltd. is the second sponsor and publishing unit. "Integrated Technology" is a peer-reviewed, free and open-access scientific and technological journal for readers. It is committed to the development and innovation of the interdisciplinary integration of Information Technology and Biotechnology. Its fields include but are not limited to: Big data and smart cities, artificial intelligence and Internet of Things, health and medical, new energy and new materials, etc. [MORE]
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    • LIN Jietao, LI Jian, CHENG Wenxiang, SUN Antonia, CHEN Jianhai, KE Liqing, GAN Donghao, ZHANG Peng

      2020,9(4):1-10, Doi: 10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20200512001

      Abstract:

      Normal synovium is mainly composed of fibroblasts and macrophages. In the pathological process of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the “tumor like” transformation of fibroblasts is considered to be related to inducers secreted by M1 macrophages. They are manifested as excessive proliferation, decreased apoptosis and abnormal secretion of pro-inflammatory factors, which in turn stimulate the macrophages for M1 polarization. However, the effect of M1 macrophages on fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells has not been reported. In this study, we aim to reveal the interactions between different types of cells in the RA synovium. mRNA expression of IL-8 and eNOS in M0 and M1 macrophages derived from human myeloid leukemia monocytes (THP-1) were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative method. Moreover, the concentration of inflammatory factors in the supernatant of THP-1 derived M1 macrophages was determined by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay. In addition, the proliferation of fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells was investigated by CCK8. The results showed that interlekin-1β and interlekin-8 proteins were mainly secreted by THP-1 derived M1 macrophages. We found that the rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (MH7A) treated with mixture of M1 macrophage supernatant and serum-containing roswell park memorial institute (RPMI) with the ratio of 7∶3 for 48 h, and the cells proliferation was improved. Meanwhile, the proliferation of human umbilical vein cells was remarkable enhanced after treated with the mixture ratio at 6∶4 or 7∶3 for 72 h. Based on this study, we will further establish the in vitro RA pannus model in future, which will facilitate the generation of high-throughput screening techniques for anti-RA drugs development.

    • WANG Cheng, ZHU Mingxing, WANG Xin, YANG Zijian, WANG Xiaochen, CHEN Shixiong, LI Guanglin

      2020,9(4):11-24, Doi: 10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20200509001

      Abstract:

      Selection and decision-making involve a series of complex cognitive processes, and time-frequency analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals can help understand brain activity in different cognitive tasks. In this study, a decision-making cognitive task related to the rock-paper-scissors game was designed. By setting the selection probability of the computer (rock 66%, scissors 33%, paper 1%), the subjects are able to make safe or risky decisions. The complete and complex decision task was divided into three stages (planning stage, confirmation stage and feedback stage). During the entire experiment, the NeuroscanQuikCap EEG measurement system recorded data with 64 EEG signal channels in real time. By extracting the characteristics of the change of the average spectral power and the phase synchronization value of each EEG frequency band (δ, θ, α, and β), a comparative analysis of the EEG waves at different task stages was realized. The results show that in the planning stage, the subject’s decision-making activities that want to win or do not want to lose are related to the enhanced activity effects of the parietal lobe α wave and the forehead θ wave. The order in which the brain waves appear may indicate that the subjects will make different types of decision plans. In the confirmation stage, the α wave spectrum power suppression effect and the δ wave phase synchronization enhancement activity show that the subject will increase attention after confirming the choice. In the feedback stage, the θ and β wave power spectrum increase effect and the α wave power spectrum decrease effect are related to different feed back results. And the effects are most obvious in the feedback that the subject finds the game lost. This preliminary study shows that, combined with a complete cognitive task, time-frequency analysis of EEG signals may be an important tool for visualizing brain activity in response to different cognitive functions. It also contributes to the further development for objective cognitive assessment solutions.

    • JIANG Zhiming, MIAO Fen, HUANG Yuan, LI Ye

      2020,9(4):25-35, Doi: 10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20200521001

      Abstract:

      With the improvement of people’s material lives and changes in lifestyles, the prevalence of chronic diseases such as hypertension has shown a rapidly growing trend. Numerous animal and human fasting trials have reported that fasting has been emerging as an effective tool to control weight and lower blood pressure, having a profound health benefit. In a fasting trial involving 149 participants in China, the subjects’ body weight, BMI (body mass index) and waist circumference all significantly decreased from baseline after 5 consecutive days of fasting intervention (P<0.001). The magnitude of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) reduction in subjects with hypertension was -11.2 mmHg (-14.9 to -7.5 mmHg, 95% CI (confidence intervals), P<0.001) and -7.2 mmHg (-9.7 to -4.7, 95% CI, P<0.001) after 5-day fasting intervention, respectively. No significant reduction occurred in systolic and diastolic BP of participants with normal BP. Then we implemented a further assessment of antihypertensive effects during the period of fasting trial by developing an easy-to-use nomogram based on proportional hazards regression, and the nomogram in our study achieved a bootstrap-corrected concordance index (C-index) of 0.891.

    • RONG Xiaoyuan, ZHANG Yulou, HUANG Kang, LIU Nan, WEI Pengfei

      2020,9(4):36-46, Doi: 10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20200330001

      Abstract:

      The ability of animals to respond to different life-threatening stimuli and take the most adaptive defensive behavior is essential for survival and breeding. Studies have found that a gradually expanding black disk in the upper field which simulates the looming of natural predators approaching from above can induce different instinct defensive behaviors of mice, including freezing or flight. In conventional animal behavior studies, time and labor-consuming manual operations are used to generate the stimuli, limiting the efficiency of animal behavior studies. In this paper, we have developed a closed-loop animal behavior regulation and analysis system. Based on this system, we have studied the defensive behavior of mice facing different stimuli. Looming with low gray value or low-frequency light stimulation would induce the freezing behavior of mice, which tend to escape to a safe area under looming with high gray value or high-frequency light stimulation. This study has demonstrated an automatic behavior regulation system capable of delivering random stimuli, which can further improve the efficiency and accuracy of the experiment.

    • RAN Xiaoneng, LU Jibao, SUN Rong

      2020,9(4):47-57, Doi: 10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20200522001

      Abstract:

      The high thermal conductivity of graphene makes it an important filler material for thermally conductive composite materials. However, the interfacial thermal resistance between the fillers greatly hinders the heat transfer between the fillers. The functionalization of the edges of graphene can introduce covalent or hydrogen bonding between the graphene edge interfaces to replace Van Der Waals (VDWs) interaction connections, which is expected to enhance the interfacial thermal conductance. In this paper, the interfacial heat transfer properties of the graphene chemically functionalized with —COOH groups are systematically studied, and the effects of the distance between graphene sheets and the functionalized density on the interface thermal resistance are discussed. The results show that, as the distance between the edges of the two graphene sheets decreases, the interfacial thermal conduction between the interfaces of the functionalized graphene gradually converges to around 5×108 W/ (m2 ·K), which is an order of magnitude higher than that between the H-terminated graphene. The interfacial thermal conduction shows a non-linear monotonous increase with increasing the functionalization density. Further results show that there is a synergistic effect between the functionalized density and the graphene edge interface spacing. Increasing the functionalized density improves the interaction between the interfaces and reduces the interface spacing between the graphene edges, thereby enhancing the interfacial thermal conduction. The results of this paper provide an important reference for the study of effects of hydrogen bonding on the interfacial heat transfer between graphene fillers.

    • JIANG Min, XIE Jinxing, WAN Zhiying, HUANG Yifan

      2020,9(4):58-67, Doi: 10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20200520001

      Abstract:

      There is a risk of geological disaster in the large-scale exploitation of submarine hydrate, so it is necessary to monitor the exploitation process. Time-lapse seismic can be used to retrieve the seismic reflection characteristics of reservoir sediments caused by hydrate decomposition. Based on the high-resolution multichannel seismic technology, a two-dimensional time-lapse seismic system is proposed in this paper. The structure design, flow design and key parameters design of the system and its main components are given, and the design process and relevant basis are discussed in detail. The system is mainly composed of deep water sparker, deep water multi-element receiving cable, multi-channel data acquisition system, battery pack and its management system. At the same time, it also includes deep water motor, deep water slip ring and automatic cable arranging device. The maximum excitation energy of the sparker is 1 000 J, and the receiving cable is composed of 16 deep-water hydrophones with pressure resistance of 20 MPa. The gap distance between the hydrophones is 1 m. The received seismic wavelet is processed by the 16 channel acquisition system and stored in situ. The system is powered by lithium battery and adopts the periodic wake-up mode. It is designed to work underwater for 2 months and conduct data acquisition once an hour. The maximum working depth of the system is 1 500 m, the maximum stratum penetration depth is 250 m and the maximum resolution is 0.5 m. The insitu excitation and acquisition of seabed can perfectly achieve the spatial consistency of acquisition data, and ensure that the time-lapse seismic data can reflect the seismic reflection characteristics of reservoir sediments in the process of hydrate mining.

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      • XIONG Gang,MENG Jiao,CAO Zi-gang,WANG Yong,GUO Li,FANG Bin-xing

        2012,1(1):32-42, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Nowadays, with the rapid development of the Internet, more and more new applications appear gradually, the scale of network expand constantly, and the architecture of network is more and more complicated. As one of the basic technologies for enhancing network controllability, traffic classification can not only provide better QoS for ISPs, but also supervise and manage network effectively, which can ensure the security of the Internet. In this paper we review the research methods and achievements in the field of traffic classification, compare these traditional methods, and point out their advantages and disadvantages. On the other hand, for the real challenges of real-time classification of high-speed network environment, encrypted traffic classification, fine-grained traffic classification, and dynamically changed protocols classification, we describe and analyze the related research progress. Finally, we look ahead the future research direction.

      • ZHANG Wen-li

        2012,1(3):20-24, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Gene is the genetic material basis. All life phenomena, like disease and death, are related to Gene. Gene sequencing is a way to read life. With the development of new generation high-throughput sequencing technology, TB or more sequence data will be generated daily. It’s more difficult to interpret these big and complex data than to acquire them. Sequence data interpretation is a critical step in current biological research and has great practical significance. It’s a great challenge for current computer systems and computing models to store, process and analysis massive high throughput sequence data. With survey, especially from BGI (Beijing Genome Institute), the current status, problems and measures taken to process high throughput sequence data will be discussed. However, the challenge is too big to be solved unless more people in different fields work together in depth for a long term.

      • LIU Qun

        2012,1(1):48-54, Doi:

        Abstract:

        This paper gives a comprehensive introduction to the status of current machine translation research and technology, and analyzes the key problems to be resolved. Finally our idea of the future trends and prospects of machine translation are put forward.

      • SONG Zhang-jun

        2012,1(3):1-9, Doi:

        Abstract:

        The technology of the robot represents a national high-tech level and the degree of automation. It is helpful to develop the industry of service robots in China if we know the current situation and development trend of service robots research clearly. Recently, robotic cleaners and educational robots have been in great demand. Entertainment robots and surveillance robots are developed rapidly and the market expands quickly. Medical robots begin to enter the modern life and have played an important role in the modern surgery. To satisfy the great market and shorten the distance between China and developed countries, it is necessary to capture the development trend of the technology of service robots. R&D on service robots should focus on the integrated technologies on intelligence, modularization and network.

      • XU Guo-qing,XU Kun,LI Wei-min

        2012,1(1):6-14, Doi:

        Abstract:

        With the increasing concerns of global warming and resource constraints, electric vehicles (EVs) have made great progress during the past decade. The electric driving system of EVs has dinstinct advantages, such as quick response, easy measurement , and precise control of motor torque, available flexible driving architecture, and regenerative braking, etc. Such advantages can be used to improve the performance of vehicle dynamic control. This paper presents the recent research efforts on electric vehicle dynamic control in terms of parameters estimation and dyanmic control scheme and methodology, especially focusing on the tire-road friction estimaion , novel traction control methods. The lateral dynamic control including the electrical differential control, direct yaw moment control, and the integratin chassis cotrol is proposed. Several prospects for vehicle dynamic control are proposed.

      • SHEN Yang,LING Tao,YAO Hui,LI Yan-ming,JIN Qiao-feng,ZHENG Hai-rong

        2012,1(1):93-99, Doi:

        Abstract:

        For the advantages of noninvasive, real-time and quantitative detection, ultrasonic transient elastography has important clinical application value. This work investigates the transient elastography in a few ways and aims to design a transient imaging system. The Displacement tracking algorithm based on correlation techniques and the parabolic interpolation algorithm is proposed to improve the accuracy. A novel match filter is designed to convolute with the estimated displacement in the time direction to boost the SNR of the displacement for a better strain image mapping. The convoluted result shows the match filter can significantly improve the strain image quality and help getting more accurate Youngs modulus estimation. The Time Gain Compensation (TGC) circuit is designed to compensate the attenuated power of the ultrasound signal. And a modified polyacrylamide gel based tissue-mimicking phantom is also developed in this paper, both indentation testing and transient elastography are used to characterize the elastic properties of this phantom. The results are almost consistent with each other.

      • HU Chao,SONG Shuang,YANG Wan-an,MENG Qing-hu,LI Bao-pu,ZENG De-wen,LI Xiao-xiao,ZHU Hong-mei

        2012,1(1):105-113, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Wireless Capsule Endoscope (WCE) is a very promising tool for the examination of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. However, there are some problems to be solved for the existed WCE, and one key problem is the accurate localization and tracking of the WCE. Among the possible localization methods, the magnet-based localization technique has its advantages: no need for power, not much space occupation, continuously tracking ability, and no negative effect. In this paper, we present the localization method for the magnet objective inside the WCE based on the magnetic sensor array outside the human body. Through the algorithm and system design we realize real time tracking of 3D position and 2D orientation of the magnet based on the magnetic dipole model. In order to overcome the interference of the human body movement, we propose the multi-magnets’ localization method; also, the 3D positioning and 3D orientation method is proposed, which can be used to make the 3D recovery of the GI tract and the accurate computation of the physiological tissue parameters. The real experiments show that the proposed localization system can run well and obtain the accuracy with 2~3mm for the magnet.

      • GAO Ming,HUANG Zhe-xue

        2012,1(3):47-54, Doi:

        Abstract:

        With the rapid increase in numbers and scales of deep web sites on the Internet, search for data or information from deep web sites by submiting queries to and obtaining results from the backend databases has become a major means in information retrieval from the Web. This area has attracted many researchers to devote their efforts on development of technologies to make better use of information in th deep web. One challenge is searching for and integration of data from various databases in deep web. Since deep web is dominated by text data, research and development of technologies for text information retrieval from deep web have a broad application potential. In this paper, we review the state-of-the-art of deep web research in details and propose some future research directions.

      • LUO Li,YANG Chao,ZHAO Yu-bo,CAI Xiao-chuan

        2012,1(1):84-88, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Several of the top ranked supercomputers are based on the hybrid architecture consisting of a large number of CPUs and GPUs. High performance has been obtained for problems with special structures, such as FFT-based imaging processing or N-body based particle calculations. However, for the class of problems described by partial differential equations (PDEs) discretized by finite difference (or other mesh based methods such as finite element) methods, obtaining even reasonably good performance on a CPU/GPU cluster is still a challenge. In this paper, we propose and test an hybrid algorithm which matches the architecture of the cluster. The scalability of the approach is implemented by a domain decomposition method, and the GPU performance is realized by using a smoothed aggregation based algebraic multigrid method. Incomplete factorization, which performs beautifully on CPU but poorly on GPU, is completely avoided in the approach. Numerical experiments are carried out by using up to 32 CPU/GPUs for solving PDE problems discretized by FDM with up to 32 millions unknowns.

      • MA Xiao-yan,HONG Jue

        2012,1(3):66-71, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Hadoop job schedulers typically use a single resource abstraction and resources are allocated at the level of fixed-size partition of the nodes, called slots. These job schedulers ignore the different demands of jobs and fair allocation of multiple types of resources, leading to poor performance in throughput and average job completion time. This paper studies and implements a Muti-resource Fair Scheduler (MFS) in Hadoop. MFS adopts the idea of Dominant Resource Fairness (DRF). It uses a demand vector to describe demands for resources of a job and allocates resources to the job according to the demand vector. MFS uses resources more efficiently and satisfies multiple jobs with heterogeneous demands for resources. Experiment results show that MFS has higher throughput and shorter average job completion time compared to Hadoop slot-based Fair Scheduler and Capacity Scheduler.

      • ZHANG Hao-shi,WU Zhen-xing,TIAN Lan,YANG Lin,LI Guang-lin

        2012,1(1):114-118, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Effectively reducing power line interference is always an important issue in electromyography (EMG) signal recordings and analysis. In this study, four commonly used de-noising methods, including digital notch, LMS based adaptive filter, Kalman filter and S transform, which may be suitable for the reduction of power line interference in real-time EMG recordings, were chosen and their performance in reducing the power line interference from EMG signal recordings were quantitatively analyzed and compared. The pilot results of this study showed that Kalman filter presented the best whole performance in attenuating power line interference from EMG signals and S transform de-noising method illustrated the best performance when the power line interference was severe.

      • XU Zhi-wei,LI Guo-jie

        2012,1(1):20-25, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Thirty years ago, the invention and volume shipment of IBM PC significantly enlarged the user population of computing. For the next thirty years, what is the most fundamental challenge of the computing field? What paradigm shift is needed? What is the most significant industrial problem? What are the most needed scientific breakthroughs? This article addresses these questions by discussing a dozen essential issues of computing for the masses. The most fundamental challenge is the computing market’s growth stagnation. Computing for the masses is proposed to reverse this trend and should be a fundamental future direction. It has three features of value-augmenting, affordability, and sustainability. The most basic paradigm shift is human-cyber-physical ternary computing. The most significant industrial problem is the Insecta Classis paradox. Computing for the masses needs five pillars of science support, including ternary computing science, universal compute account, efficient sea-network-cloud computing platforms, information ecosystem science, and national information accounts. This article helps outline the problem space for future computer science research, with a discussion on related transformative research projects.

      • XIA Wei,LI Huiyun

        2017,6(3):29-40, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Automatic drive is an important application field of artificial intelligence. In this paper, a novel training strategy for self-driving vehicles was investigated based on the deep reinforcement learning model. The proposed method involves a Q-learning algorithm with filtered experience replay and pre-training with experiences from professional drivers, which accelerates the training process due to reduced exploration spaces. By resampling the input state after clustering, generalization ability of the strategy can be improved due to the individual and independent distribution of the samples. Experimental results show that, in comparison with conventional neural fitted Q-iteration algorithm, the training efficiency and controlling stability can be improved more than 90% and 30% respectively by the proposed approach. Experimental results with more complex testing tracks show that, average travel distance can be improved more than 70% in comparison with the Q-learning algorithm by the proposed method.

      • CHI Xue-bin,XIAO Hai-li,WANG Xiao-ning,CAO Rong-qiang,LU Sha-sha,ZHANG Hong-hai

        2012,1(1):68-76, Doi:

        Abstract:

        This paper introduces the scientific computing grid, ScGrid, and it’s middleware SCE. ScGrid is built as one virtual supercomputer, integrating computing resource from more than 30 institutes. It provides unified,?easy to use and reliable scientific computing services. SCE is a lightweight grid middleware, which supports global job scheduling and unified data view. It provides multiple user interfaces including command line, grid portal and APIs. At present, ScGrid has been very successfully used in Chinese Academy of Sciences and widely accepted by more than 200 users.

      • WU Zhen,ZHOU Hui,LI Guang-lin

        2013,2(4):56-60, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Foot drop is the inability to voluntarily dorsiflex the ankle during the swing phase of gait and is usually caused by weakness and damages of the peroneal nerve. The consequences of the foot drop include the decreasing of gait quality, the limiting of mobility, the increasing of falling risk, and great increasing of energy expenditure during walking. Firstly biosignal sensors are used in the drop foot stimulator to detect foot movements. Then the surface drop foot stimulator produces a predefined stimulation profile to the peroneal nerve or tibialis anterial to elicit a dorsiflexion of the foot synchronized with the swing phase of gait to lift the foot. This paper reviewed the fundamentals and current researches of drop foot stimulators. Moreover, the development trends of the closed loop drop foot stimulator were also discussed in the paper.

      • XU Tian-chen,WU En-hua

        2012,1(1):77-83, Doi:

        Abstract:

        In the past work for long time, since the computation required on object deformation and interaction is intensive, when fluid is interacted with rigid bodies, or especially with animating figure, the demand of real-time simulation and rendering could be hardly achieved. This paper presents a novel approach for generating effects simulated by fluid dynamics and interacted by the figure motions. In order to handle the interaction between fluid effect and deformed figure, firstly, the motion trajectory of character is tracked, and then the fluid dynamics is simulated by the model of Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). Moreover, during the fluid simulation, an efficient algorithm for particle searching is also proposed, in virtue of parallel processing by GPU. Consequently, the simulation of 3D fluid effects with realistic character interaction can be rendered on a consumer-level PC in real-time.

      • ZHU Peng-li,SUN Rong,WONG Ching-ping

        2012,1(3):35-41, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Nanomaterials and nanotechnology play more and more important role in the field of new generation electronics packaging. The unique electrical, magnetic and optical properties of the nanomaterials along with their composites can enhance and improve the physical and mechanical properties of the components. Current issues of electronic packaging, especially those related to materials, are introduced and evaluated in this review. The nanomaterials, nanocomposites and nanotechnology have advantages in solving these issues and their future development direction. This review also focuses on the application of new materials such as, conductive metal particles, silica, carbon nanotubes, graphene, etc. in the high density system level packages.

      • WANG Hui

        2013,2(4):49-55, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique that can be used for brain studying and clinical therapy. Firstly, the technology feature and application of the TMS instrument were introduced. Then several TMS coil positioning methods were evaluated and several key problems about TMS coil positioning were discussed. The aim of this study was to propose a new method for TMS coil positioning. The new method combines three aspects of quantitative information including the brain scalp, brain anatomy and brain function and has great advantages and broad application prospects.

      • ZHAO Wen-chuang,CHENG Jun

        2012,1(3):10-14, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Human action recognition acts as an important role in human machine interaction. This paper proposes a human body recognition method from depth image based on part size and position features. Random forest classifiers are trained with different parameters. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of proposed approach. Recognition accuracy is about 91% and the computation time is about 0.96 us per pixel.

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      • CHANG Chih-yung,KUO Chin-hwa,HSIEH Chia-chun,LIN Chih-yu,TENG Cheng-ya

        2012,1(1):26-31, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Recently, the Internet of Things (IoT) technology has attracted more and more attention. This is because the IoT technique can be widely used in a variety of applications, such as smart grid and intelligent transportation, healthcare, art, logistics, environmental monitoring and life. Today, the development of the IoT has been considered as one of the key technologies for improving the quality of daily activities of people. This paper firstly introduces the background and applications of the IoT and depicts the concept and architecture of the IoT. Then, this paper further presents the design and implementation of the Mushroom Networks, including the software, firmware and hardware designs. Several IoT technologies have been applied in the implementation of the mushroom node, including sensing, wireless communication and heterogeneous networking, making the Mushroom Networks to be a typical example of the IoT applied in art and culture domain.

        • 1
      • XU Zhi-wei,LI Guo-jie

        2012,1(1):20-25, Doi:

        Abstract:

        Thirty years ago, the invention and volume shipment of IBM PC significantly enlarged the user population of computing. For the next thirty years, what is the most fundamental challenge of the computing field? What paradigm shift is needed? What is the most significant industrial problem? What are the most needed scientific breakthroughs? This article addresses these questions by discussing a dozen essential issues of computing for the masses. The most fundamental challenge is the computing market’s growth stagnation. Computing for the masses is proposed to reverse this trend and should be a fundamental future direction. It has three features of value-augmenting, affordability, and sustainability. The most basic paradigm shift is human-cyber-physical ternary computing. The most significant industrial problem is the Insecta Classis paradox. Computing for the masses needs five pillars of science support, including ternary computing science, universal compute account, efficient sea-network-cloud computing platforms, information ecosystem science, and national information accounts. This article helps outline the problem space for future computer science research, with a discussion on related transformative research projects.

        • 1
      • WANG Fan,OU Yong-sheng

        2012,1(1):15-19, Doi:

        Abstract:

        In various humanoid robot research areas such as biped walking and balance maintenance, control of Center of Mass (COM) is frequently used. However, it becomes a complex problem to directly control the COM for a high degree of freedom humanoid robot, especially in case of double feet support. In this paper, an iterative method that is easy to implement is proposed. Based on the approximated assumption that COM is fixed in local coordinate system, the control angle of the robot leg can be solved to drive the COM toward the target position. This process can be iterated to achieve high precision. Simulation tests on a NAO humanoid robot have demonstrated that the algorithm is efficient and precise.

        • 1
      • XU Guo-qing,XU Kun,LI Wei-min

        2012,1(1):6-14, Doi:

        Abstract:

        With the increasing concerns of global warming and resource constraints, electric vehicles (EVs) have made great progress during the past decade. The electric driving system of EVs has dinstinct advantages, such as quick response, easy measurement , and precise control of motor torque, available flexible driving architecture, and regenerative braking, etc. Such advantages can be used to improve the performance of vehicle dynamic control. This paper presents the recent research efforts on electric vehicle dynamic control in terms of parameters estimation and dyanmic control scheme and methodology, especially focusing on the tire-road friction estimaion , novel traction control methods. The lateral dynamic control including the electrical differential control, direct yaw moment control, and the integratin chassis cotrol is proposed. Several prospects for vehicle dynamic control are proposed.

        • 1